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ROADRAGEART Packhorse,Mule, donkey.Recycled metal art /sculpture/ornament/statue

ROADRAGEART Packhorse,Mule, donkey.Recycled metal art /sculpture/ornament/statue

Handmade Recycled Car Parts Pack horse/ mule / donkey  is made with so many details using many different parts of cars. It is a unique item. This will suit any home/business/ garden setting to make them cheerful. 

This one will rust over time to bring it out in a lovely orange -brown rustic colour however the Donkey /mules/horses can be made any colour and size in any position for you .

 

They can be personalised and make wonderful happy birthday,special occasion,christmas,Anniversary, creative art gifts lovingly handmade/handcrafted ,welded and painted  in Cambridge, England (UK- United Kingdom) 

(Cambridge is a city on the River Cam in eastern England, home to the prestigious University of Cambridge, dating to 1209. University colleges include King’s, famed for its choir and towering Gothic chapel, as well as Trinity, founded by Henry VIII, and St John’s, with its 16th-century Great Gate. University museums have exhibits on archaeology and anthropology, polar exploration, the history of science and zoology.)

 

We file to make each surface smooth as possible but it is not suitable for children to play Please be aware when you move the item it is heavy so be careful .

 

 

A packhorse, pack horse, or sumpter refers to a horse, mule, donkey, or pony used to carry goods on its back, usually in sidebags or panniers. Typically packhorses are used to cross difficult terrain, where the absence of roads prevents the use of wheeled vehicles. Use of packhorses dates from the neolithic period to the present day. Today, westernized nations primarily use packhorses for recreational pursuits, but they are still an important part of everyday transportation of goods throughout much of the developing world and have some military uses in rugged regions.

 

 

Packhorses were heavily used to transport goods and minerals in England from medieval times until the construction of the first turnpike roads and canals in the 18th century. Many routes crossed the Pennines between Lancashire and Yorkshire, enabling salt, limestone, coal, fleeces and cloth to be transported.

Some routes had self-describing names, such as Limersgate and the Long Causeway; others were named after landmarks, such as the Reddyshore Scoutgate ("gate" is Old English for a road or way) and the Rapes Highway (after Rapes Hill). The medieval paths were marked by wayside crosses along their routes. Mount Cross, above the hamlet of Shore in the Cliviger Gorge, shows signs of Viking influence. As the Vikings moved eastwards from the Irish Sea in about 950 AD, it is likely that the pack horse routes were established from that time.

Most packhorses were Galloways, small, stocky horses named after the Scottish district where they were first bred. Those employed in the lime-carriage trade were known as "limegals". Each pony could carry about 240 pounds (110 kg) in weight, spread between two panniers. Typically a train of ponies would number between 12 and 20, but sometimes up to 40. They averaged about 25 miles (40 km) a day. The train's leader commonly wore a bell to warn of its approach, since contemporary accounts emphasised the risk packhorse trains presented to others. They were particularly useful as roads were muddy and often impassable by wagon or cart, and there were no bridges over some major rivers in the north of England.

About 1000 packhorses a day passed through Clitheroe before 1750, and "commonly 200 to 300 laden horses every day over the River Calder (at a ford) called Fennysford in the King's Highway between Clitheroe and Whalley" The importance of packhorse routes was reflected in jingles and rhymes, often aide-memoires of the routes.

As the need for cross-Pennine transportation increased, the main routes were improved, often by laying stone setts parallel to the horse track, at a distance of a cartwheel. They remained difficult in poor weather, the Reddyshore Scoutgate was "notoriously difficult", and became insufficient for a developing commercial and industrial economy. In the 18th century, canals started to be built in England and, following the Turnpike Act 1773, metalled roads. They made the ancient packhorse routes obsolete.Away from main routes, their use persisted into the 19th century leaving a legacy of paths across wilderness areas called packhorse routes, roads or trails[ and distinctive narrow, low sided stone arched packhorse bridges for example, at Marsden near Huddersfield. The Packhorse is a common public house name throughout England.During the 19th century, horses that transported officers' baggage during military campaigns were referred to as "bathorses" from the French bat, meaning packsaddle.

 

Historic use in North America

The packhorse, mule or donkey was a critical tool in the development of the Americas. In colonial America, Spanish, French, Dutch and English traders made use of pack horses to carry goods to remote Native Americans and to carry hides back to colonial market centers. They had little choice, the Americas had virtually no improved waterways before the 1820s and roads in times before the automobile were only improved locally around a municipality, and only rarely in between. This meant cities and towns were connected by roads which carts and wagons could navigate only with difficulty, for virtually every eastern hill or mountain with a shallow gradient was flanked by valleys with stream cut gullies and ravines in their bottoms, as well as Cut bank formations, including escarpments. Even a small stream would have steep banks in normal terrains.

By the 1790s the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company was shipping anthracite coal from Summit Hill, Pennsylvania to cargo boats on the Lehigh River using pack trains in what may be the earliest commercial mining company in North America. Afterwards in 1818−1827 its new management built first the Lehigh Canal, then the Mauch Chunk & Summit Hill Railroad, North America's second oldest which used mule trains to return the five ton coal cars the four hour climb the nine miles back to the upper terminus. Mules rode the roller-coaster precursor on the down trip to the docks, stables and paddocks below. The same company, as did its many competitors made extensive use of sure footed pack mules and donkeys in coal mines, including in some cases measures to stable the animals below ground. These were often managed by 'mule boys', a pay-grade up and a step above a breaker boy in the society of the times.

 

 

Other historic uses

Japanese pack horse (ni-uma or konida uma) 

Packhorses are used worldwide to convey many products. In feudal Japan riding in a saddle (kura) was reserved for the samurai class until the end of the samurai era (1868), lower classes would ride on a pack saddle (ni-gura or konida-gura) or bareback. Pack horses (ni-uma or konida-uma) carried a variety of merchandise and the baggage of travelers using a pack saddle that ranged from a basic wooden frame to the elaborate pack saddles used for the semi-annual processions (sankin kotai) of Daimyō. Pack horses also carried the equipment and food for samurai warriors during military campaigns.

 

Made to order -please contact for prices

  • PRODUCT INFO

    Coated in a lacquer finish so they can be left outside all year. Please use a clear spray lacquer to maintain the finished look and when it is required. It is not light metal so it will not fly away.

    Note: All recycled metal and car parts garden art sculptures are individually crafted, so sizes, stances, and design slightly may vary. Please be aware that some metal ornaments may contain sharp edges.

  • RETURN & REFUND POLICY

    RETURN & REFUND POLICY

    All refunds/returns/exchanges for handmade custom artwork goods are decided on a case-by-case basis. I want you to be thrilled with your purchase & will do what I can to help you be happy.

    Refunds/returns/exchanges for other items can be arranged by e-mailing roadrageart@gmail.com.

    Items are entitled to be refunded or returned based on complaints. If an item is unsatisfactory, a written explanation and pictures are needed before the item may be considered for a refund. The buyer must take into account the description of the item before requesting a refund. If the item matches the description and agreed with final pictures by the buyer  (We always send pictures before we ship to a customer) and the buyer is unsatisfied, the seller is not responsible for a refund.

     

    Complaints/Comments/Concerns

    Any complaints /comments/concerns about items may be sent to roadrageartist@gmail.com. There is no guarantee of a resolution, but again, we will do our best. 

     

    Custom Orders

    We love being able to create unique artwork from recycled car parts for customers and friends. If you are looking to buy a custom-made item, contact us at roadrageartist@gmail.com and we can discuss what you're looking for us to make. 

    Please note, when we make a custom item it may take some time to find the best-recycled materials and to make your item perfect. This will take approximately 2-10 weeks. Please allow extra time on production and delivery of custom orders. All our orders are custom orders after we agreed on the picture and once the art leaves our art studio, there is no refund by the seller. Alteration of the art can be done after buyers pick up their order with an extra hourly rate done by the seller. The Seller will send the extra hourly rate invoice by email and the buyer must pay for the fee. Shipment and delivery need to return to the art studio due to alteration, the buyer needs to pay for this all. 

  • SHIPPING INFO

    All orders are shipped via United Kingdom Carriers. 

    Please allow up to 1-2 weeks or so for processing and shipping, although items are usually shipped as soon as possible.

    Please allow extra time (2-4 weeks) for custom-made orders. 

    Shipping will be paid for by the buyer in the amount agreed upon by the seller at the time of purchase. If an item is lost during shipping, we'll do everything we can to resolve the situation. In many cases, that means sending a new product to the buyer at no additional cost. If an item is damaged during shipping the seller will not be held responsible, but we'll do our best to resolve the situation.

  • TERMS & CONDITION

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